Castles and Churches Bohemia

TOP 25 Castles to Visit in Bohemia

Bohemia is definitelly the land of castles. They have looked over the valleys of the region for centuries and their ruins make us remember their former glory. Here is a list of TOP 25 castles to visit in Bohemia.

Also, don’t forget that there not only castles in Bohemia but also châteaus worth visiting, here’s the list of TOP 10 châteaus to visit in Bohemia. And if you’re heading east, don’t forget to check out also our list of TOP 15 castles and TOP 10 châteaus to visit in Moravia and Silesia.

1. Prague Castle (Pražský hrad)

Most famous

prague castle

Region: Prague

The largest and most famous of the castles in Bohemia and according to the Guinness Book of Records also the largest ancient castle of the world. It rises over the river Vltava and together with the St. Vitus Cathedral it’s part of our Prague Essentials. Its construction started in the 9th century. You can read more about this castle in our article Prague Castle.

2. Český Krumlov Castle

National Heritage Site

cesky krumlov

Region: South Bohemia

This 13th century castle with its famous cloak bridge is the main tourist attraction of the town. You can read more about it in our post Český Krumlov – Live the Fairy-tale.

3. Karlštejn

Gem of Český kras


Region: Central Bohemia

Karlštejn is another of our Prague Essentials although it’s not directly in Prague. This castle is located in the natural protected reservation of Český kras and it was the location of the famous Czech movie A Night At Karlstein. Its construction started in the 14th century and the castle underwent several reconstructions.

4. Okoř

Castle of the tramps


Region: Central Bohemia

Not far from Prague is the ruin of the 13th century castle. It is the object of several tramp tales and songs as well as the destinations of many hitch-hikers. Quite uncommonly this castle doesn’t stand on a hill but at a creek side.

5. Křivoklát

Look at that white tower

Region: Central Bohemia

Without any doubt one of the most beautiful and also ancient Czech castles. It’s first mentioned in the chronicles from the 12th century and a typical feature of Křivoklát is its round white tower.

6. Žebrák

Once a luxurious mansion

By Cevenol2 – Own work, CC BY 3.0,

Region: Central Bohemia

This ruin was once a luxurious mansion of Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia who built the neighbouring castle Točník. Its construction started in the 13th century. It was never renewed after the fire in the 16th century and now it’s a complex of ruins with a beautiful view of the Křivoklátsko Protected Landscape Area.

7. Dívčí kámen

History and nature in perfect harmony

By Jitka Erbenová (cheva) – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,

Region: South Bohemia

Called also Maidstein (Girls’ Stone) this 14th century ruin exists in perfect harmony with the nature in the Protected Landscape Area which bears the same name. It is located next to the village of Kremže close to Český Krumlov.

8. Kost

The awe of Bohemian Paradise

Region: Hradec Králové

The Kost (kost means bone) castle’s construction started in the 14th century. What was originally a fortress later became castle. It rises over three valleys of the protected landscape area and microregion called Bohemian Paradise.

9. Gutštejn

The one that resisted the Hussites

By Huhulenik – Own work, CC BY 3.0,

Region: Pilsen

Gutštejn, built around 1300, successfully resisted the attacs of the Hussites and served as a nobility mansion until the 16th century when it was abandoned. It is a frequent destination of many tramps who head to its camping sites around the rivulet called Úterský potok.

10. Loket

Home to a meteorite


Region: Karlovy Vary

Loket, whose name literally means “the elbow” was built in the 13th century. It rises in the protected landscape area of Slavkovský les and the castles exposition features a fragment of a meteorite which fell on the courtyard in 1422.

11. Rábí

Most massive Czech castle

Region: Pilsen

Rábí is known to be the most massive Czech castle. It was built in the first half of the 13th century and it’s where the famous Hussite military leader Jan Žižka z Trocnova lost his second eye.

12. Bezděz

Mystery in the forests

By Jan Sovka aka sovicka – Own work, CC BY 2.5,

Region: Liberec

Bezděz, built in the 2nd half of the 13th century, rises on a hill called Velký Bezděz and offers astonishing views of the surrounding nature including the famous Lake Mácha.

13. Helfenburk

Romantic ruin

H2k4 / CC BY-SA (

Region: South Bohemia

This 14th century castle is now a romantic ruin in the Central Bohemian Highlands and next to the Milešovka mountain. You can reach the castle following red touristic markers from the village of Husinec or the blue markers from Bavorov.

14. Český Šternberk

Most beautiful castle around the Sázava river


Region: Central Bohemia

Rising over the river Sázava, the 13th century castle Český Šternberk underwent many reconstructions and style changes which is why it looks more like a château nowadays. The castle is a private property, however, it’s open to the public.

15. Landštejn

Gem of Czech Canada

Region: South Bohemia

Landštejn was built in the 13th century on the borders between South Bohemia and South Moravia in an area called Czech Canada knows for its beautiful nature and landscapes. The castle hill offers magnificent views of the area as well as visits to the public. You can park under the castle and follow one of the several marked touristic routes.

16. Kokořín

Hidden but worth visiting

By Bukvoed – Own work, CC BY 4.0,

Region: Central Bohemia

Kokořín was built in the 14th century in the forrest of the now protected landscape area called Kokořínsko. It became a ruin after the Hussite wars and fortunately underwent reconstruction at the beginning of the 20th century. Several touristic routes lead to the castle.

17. Litice

Come here if you want to see the stars


Region: Pardubice

Litice was built in the 13th century and the reconstruction in the 15th century made it into one of the most significant fortresses in the Czech lands. Nowadays, it’s one of the most popular places of the astronomers because there are only few areas left in Czechia with such a small light pollution.

18. Hazmburk

The black and the white


Region: Ústí nad Labem

Hazmburk was built in the 1st half of the 14th century in the Central Bohemian Highlands. Although now a ruin, it’s quite popular among the tourists. The two dominant features are the twin towers, one black and one white. You can reach the castle on foot following the touristic markers.

19. Frýdštejn

True romanticism in Bohemian Paradise


Region: Liberec

Frýdštejn was built in the 14th century and abandoned two centuries later. You will see its ruin from far thanks to its dominant circular tower. It’s the destination of many hitch-hikers in the Bohemian Paradise and it was used as a location in the famous Czech fairy-tale Princess Jasnenka and the Flying Shoemaker (O princezně Jasněnce a létajícím ševci).

20. Zvíkov

King of Bohemian castles

By Chmee2 – Own work, CC BY 3.0,

Region: South Bohemia

Rising over the junction of the rivers Vltava and Otava this castle’s nickname is “the king of castles of Bohemia”. The dominant feature of Zvíkov, which was built in the 13th century, is its massive tower. You can park about 500 m from the castle or hitch-hike following one of the touristic routes.

21. Valečov

Growing out from the sandstone

By Prazak – Own work, CC BY 2.5,

Region: Central Bohemia

Valečov seems to be growing out directly from the sandstone. It was built in the 14th century at the western border of the Bohemian Paradise and if you decide to visit it, don’t forget to enjoy the tunnels in the sandstone under the castle.

22. Choustník

Feared even by the Hussites

By User:Bilboq (self) – own work (own photo), Public Domain,

Region: South Bohemia

Choustník was built at the end of the 13th century and it served as a prison during the Hussite wars. If there was one place the brave Hussites feared it was this castle which they never attacked. The castle is accessible on foot and you can admire some beautiful geological rock structures around it.

23. Trosky

Symbol of the Bohemian Paradise


Region: Liberec

Trosky (The Ruins) is one of the most famous castle ruins in Czechia. The castle was built in the 14th century on two basalt rocks called Baba (The Old Woman) and Panna (The Virgin) which you can see from almost all places in the Bohemian Paradise. You can follow one of the six touristic routes to reach Trosky.

24. Švihov


Region: Pilsen

This Gothic water castle comes from the 14th century. It underwent many changes in the course of the time and its systematic reconstruction started in 1950. It was chosen as a location for movies like the famous Czech fairy-tale Three Wishes for Cinderella (Tři oříšky pro Popelku, 1973) or the German movie Das Vermächtnis der Wanderhure (2012).

25. Střekov

Charmed even the great Goethe

Jiří Komárek / CC BY-SA (

Region: Ústí nad Labem

Střekov is a 14th century castle built on a trachyte rock at the side of the river Labe. In the 19th century it attracted artists like J. W. Goethe or Richard Wagner whom it inspired to write the opera Tannhäuser.

How did you like our list of castles in Bohemia? Have you been to any of these?

Also, don’t forget about the Moravian castles!

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