What’s the highest mountain or the largest city of the Czech Republic or the most elevated castle? Where is the oldest monastery that still serves its purpose and where can you find the tallest Czech building? Discover these Czech “Most” with us!
Table of Contents
With its 1603 m of height above sea level Sněžka in the Krkonoše mountains is the highest mountain of the Czech Republic. Tours to the top of Sněžka are a popular tourist attraction and if you’re not fit to walk up, you can use the cable car from the town of Pec pod Sněžkou. Besides the magnificent view the points of interest on Sněžka are the 17th century Chappel of St. Lawrence (Kaple svatého Vavřince) and the post office called Česká poštovna Anežka from the second half of the 19th century. So you can actually send a postcard from the highest point of the Czech Republic. You can check here to see the current weather on Sněžka and watch the mountain from the online cameras.
GPS: 50°44’9,340″N, 15°44’20,360″E
The Hranice Abyss is the deepest Czech abyss and in fact the deepest freshwater flooded pit cave in the world. The non-flooded depth is of 69,5 meters and the estimated flooded depth (2020) is 1000 meters. If you want to see the abyss, you have to travel to the Hranice karst in the District of Přerov (Olomouc region). The abyss is accessible, you can actually look straight down the karst hole. You can hike to it following the red or green tourist trail from the town center of Hranice. If you go by train, you can get off on the stop Teplice nad Bečvou.
No surprise there, the capital city Prague (Praha) is also the largest Czech city and the one with the most inhabitants. To get better acquainted with this city, read out Prague Essentials. You can also join us on an Afternoon Walk in Lesser Town of Prague and if you bring your kids with you, here are the places to go.
Least Inhabited Municipality
As of 2021, the village of Vysoká Lhota (Pelhřimov District) has 14 inhabitants. It has never had many inhabitants but the number has dropped drastically over the years (178 inhabitants in 1869 and reaching the top in 1910 and 1930 with 186 inhabitants).
GPS: 49°25′ N, 15°2′32″ E
If you want to visit the northmost municipality of the Czech Republic, look up the village called Lobendava in the Děčín district. It’s a village 4.328 km from the North Pole and with about 300 inhabitants. If you look at the map of the Czech Republic, you’ll notice two camel-like humps in the north. They’re called hooks and the first one – Šluknov Hook (Šluknovský výběžek) – is where you can find Lobendava. Although it is a small village, there are a few things to see, most of them of religious-historical character. You can also discover the beautiful nature of the north, for example, on the nearby mountain Buková Hora – 512 m ASL – which separates this part of the Czech Republic from Germany.
GPS: 51°1′10″N, 14°18′52″E
If, on the contrary, you wish to go as south as inhabited Czech Republic goes, Horní Dvořiště is your destination. About 40 minutes south from Český Krumlov, this village is the last place with people you’ll see before crossing to Austria. It’s a quiet little place founded before 1278 and what is has to see is the typical things of a Czech village.
GPS: 48°36′14″N 14°24′21″E
The westmost village is called Krásná in the Cheb district (Karlovy Vary region). It beats the westmost town of Hranice just by very little. Both municipalities are at the border with Germany (Bavaria and Saxony).
GPS Krásná: 50°14′6″N 12°10′5″E
GPS Hranice: 50°18′17″N 12°10′33″E
The eastmost Czech municipality, so so close to Poland, is the village of Bukovec in the District of Frýdek-Místek. An interesting fact is that about one third of the village’s population is of Polish nationality.
GPS: 49°31′30″N 18°50′4″E
Geographical Center of the Czech Republic
That would be the village Číhošť in the Vysočina Region.
GPS: 49°44′30.5″ N,15°20′6.45″ E
Highest-located municipality and settlement
The highest-located municipality in the Czech Republic is the village of Kvilda in the Prachatice District in the Bohemian Forest. The elevation of 1065 m and the average annual temperature of 2°C makes it also the coldest municipality. The longest Czech river Vltava rises here.
GPS: 49°1′9.3″N 13°34′46.48″E
When it comes to the most elevated municipalities, a place called Filipova Huť is often mentioned. It is a part of the Modrava municipality and also the human settlement of the highest elevation outranking even Kvilda.
GPS: 49°1′47″N, 13°31′13″E
Shortest Municipality Name
There are actually two municipalities which win this title. The first one is the town called Aš (Cheb District, Karlovy Vary Region) known for its short name more than for anything else. And the other one is Eš, a small agricultural village in the Vysočina Region.
GPS Aš: 50° 13′ 25.93″ N, 12° 11′ 41.96″ E
GPS Eš: 49°26′5″ N, 15°0′5″ E
Longest Municipality Name
Nová Ves u Nového Města na Moravě. That’s the longest name of a Czech municipality. It’s located in the Žďár nad Sázavou district.
GPS: 49°32′23.88″ N,16°5′2.89″ E
Most Common Municipality Name
The most common Czech municipality name is Nová Ves. Another very common is Lhota which is commonly a part of the name together (usually an adjective) – Dorní Lhota, Horní Lhota.
Prague Castle or Pražský hrad is not only Czechia’s largest castle but also the largest ancient castle in the world and is as such registered in the Guinness Book of World Records. We don’t know when exactly it was built but we know that it was already being used in the 9th century. It is a complex of buildings and the total area of the castle is 570 m long and 128 m wide.
Finding the castle in Prague is not difficult as it is one of the dominants of the city. It’s located in the quarter of Hradčany.
GPS: 50°5′27,8″N, 14°24′6″E
Most Elevated Castle
Vítkův kámen (Vítek Stone) is a castle ruin at 1035 ASL which makes it the most elevated castle in the Czech Republic. It is located on a hill that bears the same name, above the settlement Svatý Tomáš (St. Thomas) in the district of Český Krumlov.
GPS: 48°38′42″ N, 14°6′12″ E
Oldest Existing Monastery
Břevnov Monastery is the oldest still serving monastery in the Czech Republic. It was founded in 993 by the duke Boleslaus II (Boleslav II.) and Adalbert (Vojtěch), the bishop of Prague. It has always been a Benedictine monastery and at the 1000th anniversary of its foundation the pope John Paul II. promoted the abbey of Břevnov to archabbey. AND this monastery is believed to be the first beer brewery in what is now the Czech Republic! The Břevnov Monastery Brewery continues this tradition.
GPS: 50°5′4″ N,14°21′25″ E
The tallest building in the Czech Republic is called AZ Tower and it’s located in Brno. Not in the center though so you could miss it on your tour. It is visible from the Špilberk castle gardens though. The construction was finished in 2013 and the building is 111 meters tall with its 30 floors.
GPS: 49°10′33″N, 16°36′20″E
Tallest Church Tower
With its 103 meters of height, the tower of the Cathedral of St. Bartholomew in Pilsen is the tallest church tower in the Czech Republic.
GPS: 49° 44′ 51″ N, 13° 22′ 39.36″ E
One of the largest squares in Europe and the largest one in Czech Republic is Karlovo náměstí or Charle’s Square in Prague. The area is 80.552 square meters and the capacity approximately 30.000 people.
GPS: 50°4′32.99″ N,14°25′14.99″ E
Pančavský vodopád in the town Špindlerův Mlýn is the tallest waterfall in the Czech Republic. It is 148 meters tall.
GPS: 50°45′40.32″ N,15°32′45.96″ E
Largest Pond in the World
South Bohemia is the land of large ponds. So it comes as no surprise that the largest Czech pond is to be found here. Its name is Rožmberk and to see it you have to go to Stará Hlína (Jindřichův Hradec Dictrict). The area of the pond is 489 ha and it holds an impressive amount of water – 6,3 millions m3. Its area makes it the largest artificial pond in the world.
GPS: 49°2′50″ N, 14°46′9″ E
Largest and Deepest Lake
Černé jezero (Black Lake) is of glacial origin and it’s located in the Šumava (Bohemian Forest). It’s area is of 18,47 ha and the deepest point is 39,8 meters.
GPS: 49°10′45″ N,13°10′57″ E
Largest Water Reservoir
The largest Czech water reservoir or přehrada is called Lipno and just like the largest pond it’s in South Bohemia reaching into the cadaster of several municipalities. Its area is 48,7 km2. The “South-Bohemian sea” is the vacation destination of many Czech tourists.
GPS: 48°41′10″ N, 14°5′7″ E
The river Vltava or also Moldau rises in the Bohemian Forest (Šumava), crosses Bohemia and merges with the river Labe (Elbe) in Mělník. The length is 433 km. Vltava is often used for rafting and probably the most popular place to rent a boat and go rafting on Vltava is the town of Český Krumlov. Did you know that Rosamund Pike, who currently lives in the Czech Republic (2020 and 2021 – filming) went rafting in Český Krumlov? She talks about her experience here.
If you want to reach the place where the river rises, you have to visit the village of Kvilda which, by the way, we will talk about a bit later in this article.
GPS of the Vltava source: 48°58’29″N, 13°33’39″E
Tallest Wooden Statue
The Praděd Statue in the Moravian-Silesian village Jiříkov is the tallest wooden statue in the country. It’s made from populus wood and is 10,5 m tall, with the base being 5 m wide. Its weight is also impressive, it’s 15 tons.
Praděd is the name of the patron and protector of the Jeseníky mountains and it’s also the highest mountain of Hrubý Jeseník.
Charles University is the oldest university in the Czech Republic and Central Europe. It was founded in 1348 but the Czech King and Holy Roman emperor Charles IV.
Oldest Glass Production School in the World
Glass production has a rich history in the Czech Republic. And so it’s no surprise that the oldest school dedicated to the craft can be found in this country, specifically in Kamenický Šenov.
GPS: 50°46′25.18″ N,14°28′22.72″ E
Located near Františkovy Lázně and covered with forest is the youngest volcano in the Czech Republic called Komorní Hůrka.
GPS: 50°6′2.1″ N,12°20′11″ E
Warmest Mineral Spring
There are quite a few spa cities in the Czech Republic where you can relax and cure your ailments. One of the most famous one is Karlovy Vary in western Bohemia and that’s exactly where you can find the warmest Czech mineral spring. Or rather the hottest, because the temperature of the spring which is called Vřídlo is 72 °C. The spring gave the name to one of the several colonnades in the town, the so called Vřídelní kolonáda.
GPS: 50°13′22″N 12°53′1″E
Most Rainy Place
Bílý Potok in the Liberec Region is a village with the highest rain rate in the Czech republic – 1705 mm yearly.
GPS: 50°52′25.66″ N,15°13′19.95″ E
The so called Amatérská jeskyně (Amateur cavern) is the longest Czech cavern. It was discovered in 1969 and you could find it in the Moravian Carst. However, you wouldn’t get in as it’s not accessible to the public. And if you wonder about the name, the eldest part of the cavern was discovered by amateur speleologists, thus the name.
GPS: 49°22′42.3″ N,16°43′39.13″ E
Largest National Park
Národní park Šumava bears this title since 1991 and with its area of 69.000 ha it’s the largest of the four national parks in the Czech Republic.
GPS: 49°3′38.32″ N,13°28′56.92″ E
First Radon Baths in the World
The first spa with radon baths was founded in 1906 in Jáchymov in the Karlovy Vary District. Famous clients included Richard Strauss or Alois Jirásek.
GPS: 50°21′30.86″ N,12°56′5.06″ E
Oldest Stone Lookout Tower
Kleť is the highest point of the forest Blanenský les and the tower on the very top was built in 1825 by Jan Sallaba according to the orders of Josef Jan Schwarzenberg.
GPS: 48°51′54″ N,14°17′2″ E
The town of Prachatice features not only the largest sundial in the Czech Republic but also in whole Central Europe. The sundial was installed in 1969-1970 and its span is of 7 meters and the dial is 3 meters long.
GPS: 49°0′49,19″ N, 14°0′1,01″ E
Autor: Anaj7, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=77392504
Oldest Cave Painting
The cave Býčí skála (Bull Rock) in the Moravian Karst guards the oldest cave painting in the Czech Republic. It dates back to approximately 3200 B.C.
GPS: 49°18′26,86″ N, 16°41′41,22″ E
Longest Railway Tunnel
Ejpovice Tunnel between the town Rokycany and Pilsen is the longest railway tunnel in the Czech Republic. It’s 4,150 km long.
GPS: 49° 45′ 48.07″ N, 13° 28′ 16.73″ E
Oldest Existing Bridge
The oldest bridge that’s still in place is gothic Kamenný most v Písku (Stone Bridge in Písek) in Písek, Southern Bohemia. It was built in the late 13th century over the river Otava. The unofficial name is Jelení most (Deer Bridge), supposedly because when it was built it was decided to name the bridge after the first being that would cross it. Although the locals call it just the Old Bridge.
GPS: 49°18′35″ N, 14°8′44″ E
The Radotín Bridge in Prague is the longest. Although it’s two separate works officially, they are connected into one complex. The total length is 2281 m (some data indicate 2295 m).