Culture & Science History

October 28 – Independent Czechoslovak State Day

October 28 marks the anniversary of the creation of the independent Czechoslovak state.

czech independenceIt was October 28, 1918 and the National committee just proclaimed the independence of Czechoslovakia. Czechs and Slovaks had been part of Austria-Hungary for quite a while and Czechoslovak politicians home as well as those exiled brought their attempts of independence to a successful end.

On the same day the first Czechoslovak law was passed and signed by the “Men of October 28” – i Antonín Švehla, Alois Rašín, Jiří Stříbrný, Vavro Šrobár and František Soukup. It was agreed that the newly created country would be a republic and the first president T. G. Masaryk.

Nowadays, October 28 is a public holiday and a the day when the president awards State decorations of the Czech Republic.

Celebrations of October 28 at the T. G. Masaryk statue in Brno
Autor: Masarykova univerzita, Ludmila Korešová – Přetrvávající kouzlo 28. října. Nejdůležitějšího českého svátku. Muni : měsíčník Masarykovy univerzity, CC BY 3.0,

This is the story of October 28, now read also about September 28, the Day of Czech Statehood.

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